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Cameroon Facts Cameroon Flag Cameroon Map

Cameroon Map
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currency: Central African CFA Franc (XAF)
Official languages
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Cameroon profile
sometimes referred to as the hinge of Africa;

throughout the country there are areas of thermal springs and indications of current or prior volcanic activity;

Mount Cameroon, the highest mountain in Sub-Saharan west Africa, is an active volcano
Cameroon history
French Cameroon became independent in 1960 as the Republic of Cameroon. The following year the southern portion of neighboring British Cameroon voted to merge with the new country to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. In 1972, a new constitution replaced the federation with a unitary state, the United Republic of Cameroon. The country has generally enjoyed stability, which has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, and railways, as well as a petroleum industry. Despite slow movement toward democratic reform, political power remains firmly in the hands of President Paul BIYA.
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Conventional long form: Republic of Cameroon

Conventional short form: Cameroon

Local long form: Republique du Cameroun/Republic of Cameroon

Local short form: Cameroun/Cameroon

Formerly known as: French Cameroon, British Cameroon, Federal Republic of Cameroon, United Republic of Cameroon
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Cameroon's capital city is Yaounde
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Cameroon Constitution:

approved by referendum 20 May 1972;

adopted 2 June 1972;

revised January 1996;

amended April 2008
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Cameroon population growth rate: 2.082%
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Cameroon highest point: Fako 4,095 m (on Mt. Cameroon)
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Cameroon lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
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About 13% of Cameroon's land is arable.
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Sanaga River is the Longest River in Cameroon
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Cameroon birth rate is 32 births/1,000 population
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Cameroon infant mortality rate is 60 deaths/1,000 live births
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Cameroon fertility rate is 4 children born/woman
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Cameroon climate:

varies with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north
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Top 10 cities of Cameroon with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Douala: 1,338,082
2. Yaoundé: 1,299,369
3. Garoua: 436,899
4. Kousséri: 435,547
5. Bamenda: 393,835
6. Maroua: 319,941
7. Bafoussam: 290,768
8. Mokolo: 275,239
9. Ngaoundéré: 231,357
10. Bertoua: 218,111
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Cameroon ethnic groups:

Cameroon Highlanders - 31%
Equatorial Bantu - 19%
Kirdi - 11%
Fulani - 10%
Northwestern Bantu - 8%
Eastern Nigritic - 7%
other African - 13%
non-African - less than 1%
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Cameroon Exports:

crude oil and petroleum products, lumber, cocoa beans, aluminum, coffee, cotton
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Cameroon Imports:

machinery, electrical equipment, transport equipment, fuel, food
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unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (180 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms); note - the president can either lengthen or shorten the term of the legislature

Administrative Divisions:
10 regions (regions, singular - region)

1. Adamaoua
2. Centre
3. East (Est)
4. Far North (Extreme-Nord)
5. Littoral
6. North (Nord)
7. North-West (Nord-Ouest)
8. West (Ouest)
9. South (Sud)
10. South-West (Sud-Ouest)
Political parties and leaders:
Cameroon People's Democratic Movement (CPDM) - Paul BIYA

Cameroon People's Party - Edith Kah WALLA

Cameroonian Democratic Union (UDC) - Adamou Ndam NJOYA

Movement for the Defense of the Republic (MDR) - Dakole DAISSALA

Movement for the Liberation and Development of Cameroon (MLDC) - Marcel YONDO

National Union for Democracy and Progress (UNDP) - Maigari BELLO BOUBA

Progressive Movement (MP)

Social Democratic Front (SDF) - John FRU NDI

Union of Peoples of Cameroon (UPC) - Augustin Frederic KODOCK